Introducing English Semantics
Introducing English Semanticsis a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the study of meaning.
Charles W. Kreidler presents the basic principles of this discipline. He explores how languages organize and express meanings through words, parts of words and sentences.
Introducing English Semantics:
* deals with relations of words to other words, and sentences to other sentences
* illustrates the importance of 'tone of voice' and 'body language' in face-to-face exchanges, and the role of context in any communication
* makes random comparisons of features in other languages
* explores the knowledge speakers of a language must have in common to enable them to communicate
* discusses the nature of language; the structure of discourse; the distinction between lexical and grammatical meaning
* examines such relations as synonymy, antonymy, and hyponymy; ambiguity; implication; factivity; aspect; and modality
Written in a clear, accessible style, Introducing English Semanticswill be an essential text for any student following an introductory course in semantics. Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics, all technical terms are clearly defined in an accompanying glossary and active participation is encouraged through numerous exercises.
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abstract action activity addressee adjectives affected affirmative agent ambiguity anaphoric animal antonyms arguments aspect causative Chapter collies communication concrete context countable noun deictic deixis denotation derived didn’t distinction dogs chase cats durative embedded proposition entails entity equivalent event example factive focus full clause function words gerund clause goal hyponym illustrated implication indicates infinitive clause instance interpretation intonation knowledge Lake Ontario language lexemes lexical linguistic meaningful modal verbs morphemes names negative non-binary antonyms non-countable noun phrase o’clock object occur one’s overt subject pairs Performative utterances person plural polysemy possible predicates present pronoun question recognize referring expression relation retrospective role structure Semantic roles sense sentence someone speakers of English specific speech acts spoken statement stative predicates superordinate synonymous synonymy syntactic tacit subject tell tense true truth truth-conditional semantics two-argument utterance valency verb A verb verb that expresses verbal noun window